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Knee pain

صفحه درد زانو (Knee pain) که در سایت ویکی پدیای انگلیسی (en.wikipedia) ایجاد کردم:
Knee pain is a common complaint for many people. There are several factors that can cause knee pain. Awareness and knowledge of knee pain causes lead to faster diagnosis and treatment. Knee pain can be related to knee joint or around the knee.


Contents [hide]
1 Knee joint
2 Injuries
3 Diseases
4 Inflammations
5 Deformities
6 Syndromes
7 Fractures
8 Dislocations
9 Referred knee pain
10 Other causes
11 See also
[edit] Knee joint
The knee joint consists of three bone the femur, tibia, and patella. There are three compartments to the knee. The main joint of the knee is called tibiofemoral joint that includes the medial and lateral compartments. The patella and the femur form the patellofemoral joint. These is the third compartment of the knee.
[edit] Injuries
Some common injuries include:
Sprain (Ligament Sprain)
Medial collateral ligament
Lateral collateral ligament
Anterior cruciate ligament
Posterior cruciate ligament
Tear of meniscus
-Medial meniscus
-Lateral meniscus
Strain (Muscle Strain)
-Quadriceps muscles
-Hamstring muscles
-Popliteal muscle
-Patellar tendon
-Hamstring tendon
-Popliteal tendon
Hemarthrosis
[edit] Diseases
Some of the diseases of cause of knee pain include:
-Knee osteoarthritis
-Chondromalacia patella
-Baker's cyst
-Meniscal cyst
-Discoid meniscus
-Osgood-Schlatter disease
-Larsen-Johansson disease
-Knee rheumatoid arthritis
-Osteochondritis dissecans disease
-Synovial chondromatosis disease
-Tumors
-Ankylosing spondylitis
-Reiter's syndrome
-Tuberculosis arthritis
-Septic arthritis (Pyogenic arthritis)
-Osteomyelitis
-Hemophilic arthritis
-Gout (Gouty arthritis)
[edit] Inflammations
-Bursitis of the knee
Prepatellar bursitis (most common)
Infrapatellar bursitis (Superficial infrapatellar bursitis and Deep infrapatellar bursitis)
Semimembranosus bursitis
-Tendinitis
Patellar tendinitis (Jumper's knee)
Hamstring tendinitis
Popliteal tendinitis
-Synovitis of the knee
[edit] Deformities
Four common deformities of the knee include:
-Genu varum
-Genu valgum
-Genu recurvatum (Knee hyperextension)
-Knee flexion deformity
[edit] Syndromes
-Patellofemoral pain syndrome (Runner's knee)
-Plica syndrome
-Iliotibial band syndrome
[edit] Fractures
-Femoral fracture
-Tibial fracture
-Patella fracture
 [edit] Dislocations
-Patella dislocation
-Knee joint dislocation (Tibiofemoral joint dislocation)
[edit] Referred knee pain
Sometimes knee pain may be related to another area from body. For example, knee pain can come from ankle, foot, hip joints or lumbar spine.
See also: Referred pain
[edit] Other causes
Ligamentous laxity
Fat pad impingement
Knee effusion
Deep vein thrombosis
Peripheral vascular disease
[edit] See also
-Knee
-Knee examination
-Knee effusion
-Knee osteoarthritis


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